Russ Harvey Consulting - Computer and Internet Services

Windows 7

Support ended January 14, 2020

I no longer develop this legacy resource.


Win7 Editions | Hardware | Installing & Updating | Security & Patches
Customizing & Tweaking | Recovery

Windows 7 desktop. This was the last Windows version designed for keyboard and mouse.

Microsoft's Windows 7 Support Ended

Microsoft's support for Windows 7 ended January 14, 2020. Windows 7 is unsafe to use and will become increasingly so.

An unsupported version of Windows will no longer receive software updates from Windows Update. These include security updates that can help protect your PC from harmful viruses, spyware, and other malicious software, which can steal your personal information.


Windows Update also installs the latest software updates to improve the reliability of Windows — new drivers for your hardware and more.

You Need to Find an Alternative NOW

You can't continue to run Windows 7 with it connected to the Internet. You need to:

The various options are discussed in Replacing Windows: Upgrading when support ends.

Windows 7 ESUs

An Option for Enterprise Only

Windows 7 Extended Security Updates (ESUs) are aimed at enterprise customers and require a volume-licensing agreement.

The paid Windows 7 Extended Security Updates (ESUs) will be sold on a per-device basis, with the price increasing each year. These ESUs will be available to any Windows 7 Professional and Windows 7 Enterprise users with volume-licensing agreements….

These interim measures end January 31, 2023.

For everyone else, they must either upgrade to Windows 10, abandon Windows, go offline or find an alternative.

Going Permanently Offline

If you continue to use Windows 7, you'll need to take it permanently offline.

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Windows 7 Documentation Disappearing

Support Materials Mostly Gone

Microsoft is has already removed much of their Windows 7 support materials, replacing them with Windows 10 resources. Expect the remainder to be gone soon now that Windows 7 is no longer supported.

Microsoft has stopped answering Windows 7 requests on their support forums.

Documentation for Windows 7 is now placed within the context of “Windows 10: previous versions” and any “recommended version” link takes you to Windows 10 documentation.

Some support options are still available, but could disappear without notice:

New Privacy Concerns

Optional updates to Windows 7 have included some that are controversial as they add “customer experience and diagnostic telemetry” data collecting elements to Windows 7.

Besides the privacy concerns, these optional updates add to the load on the Windows 7 computer and may slow down older hardware. It also adds to your bandwidth usage which affects those with data caps or mobile plans.

You might want to avoid any optional updates that aren't clearly hardware fixes or updates that describe problems you're having with your computer.

Spybot Anti-Beacon

Spybot Anti-Beacon allows you to make significant choices about your privacy settings including many that are hidden or not easily altered. It immunizes your computer so you can check then reset your privacy settings after rebooting your computer (particularly after a Windows Update).

Windows 7 Editions

There are four primary editions of Windows 7:


Released October 22, 2009, Windows 7 Home Basic, Home Premium and Ultimate sales terminated in October 31, 2014 (October 31, 2016 for Windows 7 Professional).

“Starter” Has Limitations

Most hardware with Starter edition installed are incapable of upgrade so you'll want to be sure that your requirements are very limited and that you'll have no need to upgrade in the future.

Windows 7 Starter edition can only run 3 processes at a time and forces you to search for many of the customizations that are quickly available in other editions.

“Anytime” Upgrade Not Recommended

Microsoft offers an anytime upgrade but ensure you purchase the version you need to begin with because upgrade costs are steep.

What's New in Windows 7?

New features in Windows 7 include Libraries, Jump Lists, HomeGroup (works only with Windows 7 or newer computers) and Snap.

No Built-in Email Client

Windows 7 has no built-in email client. Vista came with Windows Mail and Windows XP came with Outlook Express (no longer supported and dangerous to use). Windows 10 has an email app.

I'd strongly recommend moving to Mozilla Thunderbird or one of my other recommended email options.


Libraries provide for the way we operate computers today — allowing you to pull similar content together from multiple sources.

Libraries are a Windows 7 feature that gives you a consolidated view of related files in one place. A Library doesn't contain files. Rather, a Library provides a single aggregated view of multiple folders and their contents.
Microsoft TechNet

You add files to a Library by linking to them. New Libraries can be added by right-clicking in the Libraries bar and selecting New then Library.

Learn more about Libraries by visiting these resources:

Jump Lists

Jump lists give you quick access to your favorite content — on your computer and elsewhere.

If you use a program like CCleaner to remove temporary files, you may need to change the settings if you wish to retain jump lists. Otherwise, your jump lists will be removed each time you run CCleaner.


Some of the limitations of ReadyBoost (introduced with Vista) were removed in Windows 7. The benefits of ReadyBoost are minimal for most Windows 7 users and you need to ensure you're using a device that works with ReadyBoost. Those seeking performance would be better served by a SSD boot drive large enough to install Windows 7 on it (you can still use a regular drive for storage).


BitLocker is a full disk encryption feature but unfortunately was only provided in the Ultimate Edition. Windows 7 had the unique capability of encrypting removable drives.

Although there are third-party encryption solutions, few would seek them out.

Learning More

You can visit these sites for more information about Windows 7:

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Hardware Support

Can You Run Windows 7?

I don't usually recommend an upgrade of your current hardware to Windows 7 unless you are running a compatible Vista machine or a relatively powerful XP computer. I upgraded two XP machines (including a Lenovo T61 laptop), but not before ensuring the necessary Windows 7 drivers and software upgrades were available.

System Requirements

You'd best look at new hardware if you want to optimize your experience with Windows 7. See the general notes about Windows hardware requirements.

Microsoft lists the following system requirements:

Windows 7 was designed to work with today's multi-core processors. All 32-bit versions of Windows 7 can support up to 32 processor cores, while 64-bit versions can support up to 256 processor cores.

Legacy Hardware Support Uncertain

More than likely the hardware is going to determine the supportability of your computer. As your hardware ages and newer technology emerges it is possible that your computer could become unsupported. Moving to a newer computer may also offer challenges.

Prior versions of Windows, including Windows 7 and Windows 8.1, have limited support when running on new processors and chipsets from manufacturers like Intel, AMD, Nvidia, and Qualcomm.

However, Intel may be building a new version of its Coffee Lake chipset just for Windows 7.

Installing & Updating

Given that Windows 7 has been around for some time and that licenses are no longer available, most will be re-installing Windows 7 rather than installing it for the first time. The following will give you some resources to ensure the process goes smoothly.

Secure Boot

Windows secure boot was marketed as a way to protect you from malware but has the potential to prevent you from installing any other operating system except Windows 8 or 10 on your computer. Windows 7 is not supported.

If your Windows 7 computer won't start, you may have to enter the BIOS to check the settings. If you've enabled Secure Boot, Windows 7 cannot boot and you need to change the settings. Look for an option like “Other OS” in your system BIOS.

32- or 64-bit?

Windows 7 comes with both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. Always install the 64-bit version on 64-bit hardware. Learn more about the advantages and disadvantages.

Other Installation Issues

There are also some documented issues with installation, particularly with upgrade versions (it appears they were not intended to be used for a clean install — something that will haunt you in future years.

Issues with Windows Update

I've found that sometimes the update to Windows update itself following the installation of Service Pack 1 does something that causes Windows Update to run forever without resolving any updates. This problem is not unusual and is frustrating, particularly when the Microsoft recommended fixes don't work.

First, is your hardware very old? Windows 7 running on Pentium III computers may no longer update because Microsoft could no longer maintain hardware without SSE2 technology.

If you're having issues with updating Windows 7 try the following:

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Security & Patches

Windows 7 security is better than XP's. Its User Account Control is more configurable and less annoying than it was in Vista.

Microsoft Security Essentials

Microsoft Security Essentials lost support for new installations with Windows 7, but existing installations can get signature updates until 2023.

Windows 7 Service Pack 1

Unlike many earlier versions of Windows, there was only a single service pack for Windows 7. Other patches were included in the various monthly updates.

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1) offers new improvements to features and services in Windows 7, such as improved reliability when connecting to HDMI audio devices, printing using the XPS Viewer, and restoring previous folders in Windows Explorer after restarting.

Some folks had problems installing the service pack from a separate download, so your mileage may vary. I recommend letting Windows Update perform the task automatically.

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Tweaking & Customizing

Tweaking and customizing Windows 7 involves changing the way Windows does certain tasks or displays its content.

Themes and other features are built into Windows 7, but there are other ways to make these changes.

Removing Shortcuts

If you're like me, you find the "shortcut to" in the name of new shortcuts annoying. You can tell it's a shortcut by the little arrow placed on the icon.

Editing the Windows Registry directly is for advanced users.

Use Shortcuts to Resources

Many people have lots of folders with photos, documents, tax information and more on their desktops.

This clutters your desktop. I recommend creating shortcuts to frequently-used content:

  1. Create unique folders in your Documents or Photos folders
  2. Create shortcuts on the desktop for the most used folders
    • drag them to the desktop using the right mouse button; then
    • select “create shortcuts here”.

Sort Downloads

A shortcut to the Downloads folder allows you to drag newly-downloaded files for later retrieval.

I recommend moving photos, videos and documents to the appropriate folders rather than leaving them in Downloads.

Broadband and Networking

Tweaking broadband and network settings is not recommended in Windows 7.

Windows Registry

Editing the Windows Registry directly is for advanced users.

Changing the Look

Windows 7 is much easier to personalize than earlier versions of Windows.

The Aero transparency and multiple background, icon and other settings can make your desktop truly unique.

Support for XP Mode has Ended

Windows XP Mode allows you to run older, unsupported programs on computers running Windows 7.

Support for XP Mode has ended. If you have this feature installed, you should disconnect from the Internet before running programs in Windows XP Mode.

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Recovering Windows 7

Combined with the built-in enhanced capabilities for a system images and scheduled backups in Windows 7 you should be able to recover your system.

Launching Safe Mode

To see the advanced boot options, restart your computer then press the F8 key repeatedly after the BIOS message disappears (or the initial BIOS beep) but before the Windows logo appears (usually only a few seconds).

Windows Backup & Restore

Windows 7 has included an effective built-in backup and restore system to protect your data and to allow you to recover from a disaster quickly — provided you've taken advantage of these tools before the incident.

One of the quickest ways to recovery from a system error is to use System Restore:

StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesSystem ToolsSystem Restore.

The settings are in System Properties on the System Protection tab.

If you can't boot into Windows, you'll need to use a system repair disc.

Create a System Repair Disc

Windows 7 has a specific system repair disc available from Microsoft as well as one available from NeoSmart:

You'll need to create a system repair disc for Windows 7 while your system is still working then store it in a safe place.

  1. Open Backup & Restore:
    Control PanelSystem & MaintenanceBackup & Restore.
  2. In the left pane, click Create a system repair disc, and follow the steps.
  3. Administrator permission may be required.

Using the System Repair Disc

If Windows 7 won't start:

  1. Insert the system repair disc into your CD or DVD drive.
  2. Restart your computer using the computer's power button.
  3. If prompted, press any key to start the computer from the system repair disc.
  4. As the computer reboots, choose the option that allows you to boot using the recovery disk (the method varies by computer: try F12). You might need to change your computer's BIOS settings.
  5. Choose your language settings, and then click Next.
  6. Select a recovery option, and then click Next.

Windows Recovery Environment

Windows 7 also has a Windows Recovery Environment available from the Advanced Boot Options menu.

Select Repair Your Computer from the Windows Error Recovery screen.

The Windows Recovery Environment can also be launched from the Windows 7 DVD.

Select Repair Your Computer when you see the Install Windows screen.

These resources may help you recover your Vista system:

Related Resources

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Updated: December 16, 2021