Russ Harvey Consulting - Computer and Internet Services

Social Media

Are You Sharing Too Much?

Facebook | Google+ | Twitter | LinkedIn | Pinterest | Instagram | About Social Media

Are You Sharing Too Much?

There are dozens of social media services. I've only covered a few of the most common on this page, but the principles are the same.

Your Data is Vulnerable

When posting or storing information in the cloud, you are no longer completely in control of what happens to it. If security is lax (all too common, these days) then there is a good chance that sooner or later you'll find that your trust has been violated.

500 Million Yahoo! Accounts Breached

Even if you don't use Yahoo Mail you may be using services like Tumblr, Flickr and Fantasy Football which were affected by the Yahoo! breach. Here's what to do.

Choose Carefully

I strongly recommend that you consider carefully the services you choose and what you post on them.

When asked, most people state that they use Facebook to keep in touch with friends and family. That's where it starts, but it can quickly become an addiction where you're spending a great deal of time updating your friends and reposting content.

I'm not the only one that has concerns with the integrity of Facebook. They've manipulated their user base and promoted fake news, greatly influencing elections.

Changing Standards

10 years ago, corporations would have paid millions of dollars for the type of information that your customers VOLUNTARILY share on social media now. — Kyle Reyes — The Parallel Universe and Facebook Dark Posts

Fake News

Fake news is a huge problem on the Net. Social media sites have allowed things to go viral based upon emotion and at face value.

After much discussion, debate, and research, the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth — an adjective defined as “relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief”. — Oxford Dictionaries

Think Before Posting

We now share publicly many things we'd never have done only a couple of decades ago.

For example, one report noted the surprising number of people reporting details about the loss of their virginity on social media sites — virtually in real time.

This isn't a wise choice.

Think before posting comments that could potentially come back to haunt you.

Who's Looking?

Employers, customers, potential dating partners and spouses are just some of those that might check for information about your past. Snowden's revelations about what the NSA and others are storing should also concern you.

One thing that I think continues to be an issue is social network security, and people's inability to believe, for whatever reason, that what they put on social networks isn't automatically going to someday be public. — Tom's Guide

What message would a video or photo of you doing stupid things send to these folks?

Something that seemed funny at the time, might cost you that prized promotion or your dream relationship one day by portraying you as immature and irresponsible.

If it is re-posted elsewhere you might lose the ability to remove it later. Unlike physical businesses, online businesses can leave information behind that is accessible to others.

In the past, when a business folded, it physically closed. However, with brand deaths in the digital age, what will happen to the experiences, communications, customer data, and associated information left behind? —

New U.S. border policies require you to provide access to your smart phone and social media. What you've posted may keep you from enjoying your vacation or even lead to unpleasant interrogations.

Social Media Can Cut Both Ways

Inappropriate postings on social media sites can lead to abuses of privacy, embarrassing leaks and clashes of cultures like the ones you see in the media and on the Web.

The risk with this medium of communication is that there is minimal control, and a bad post, a hack, or an incorrect statement can make the organization look inexperienced and offensive at worst. Furthermore, social media provide more information about the employees and their functions, which can be useful information for someone who is trying to socially engineer a hack. — Carlos Pelaez

Postings can be misinterpreted and spiral into negative publicity when popular culture clashes with corporate culture. This happened to United Airlines, resulting in some very bad PR:

  1. A couple of teens were prevented from boarding because they were wearing leggings which was against company policy for the airlines family.
  2. A doctor was dragged off a flight because United had overbooked.

While United Airlines may have been within their rights, they badly overreacted and the travelling public saw it differently.

The Right to Be Forgotten

Most social media sites have some mechanism to remove a posting, but that depends upon the assumption that it hasn't been reposted elsewhere.

Some folks are using the right to be forgotten (a European law) to do exactly this, but it is backfiring on them.

Instead, they are experiencing the Streisand effect by bringing attention to themselves with such requests — the reverse of what the law intended.

Tighten Security

Your 2000 “friends” on Facebook are not really your friends — they are potential leaks. Posting on social media is the antithesis of privacy.

Check Your Account Privacy Settings

Minimize the amount of information that you are sharing by changing the privacy settings to provide information only to trusted friends and family:

  • Most social networking sites allow you to create multiple groups, each with different privacy settings.
  • Don't share vital information that could be used for identity theft such as your birth date, place of birth, mother's maiden name, etc.
  • Minimize what can be searched by anyone or included in search engines like Google or Bing.
  • Watch for inappropriate postings about you but posted by others. Take steps to have them removed.
  • If you click on a scam and it creates a posting on your wall, remove it by going to your profile. Hovering over a posting shows an arrow on the right that gives several options, including “remove post.”

More on social media privacy.

Read the Terms of Service

The terms of service are a legally-binding contract on the users of a social media site, just as they are with software or other places where electronic agreements are used.

These are often complex and change constantly.

You shouldn't click to accept the agreements without understanding what you're agreeing to.

  • Be aware of what you're giving away.
  • In many cases you are agreeing that your content will be owned by the social media site. This is understandable, given that their site has no value without content, but it may also mean you may not be able to use the same material elsewhere.
  • Posting copyrighted content can result in legal action.

In general, the larger a terms of service agreement is, the more rights and freedom you're giving up.

Most Don't Read Terms of Service

Most people don't read the entire terms of service, simply glancing at it.

[A]t least 70 percent of users spent less than 12 seconds reviewing the terms of use before accepting them. — ZoneAlarm Security Blog

Most people balk when seeing large blocks of legal speak. Hence, the term tldr (too long; didn't read).

Use Secure Passwords

Be sure that the information you use to log into your account is difficult to guess. Weak passwords can allow others to log into your account without your permission.

Don't Post Password Recovery Information

Watch that you don't unknowingly give away the key information needed to “recover” your password.

Many folks routinely post the sort of information used when you've forgotten your password such as where you were born, your favourite teacher or sports teams, family names and relationships, pets, etc.

Because this information is so frequently posted on social media sites it create a huge risk to all your on-line accounts (including access to your bank account).

Deactivate or Delete Your Account

If you are no longer using a social media site (i.e. if you've moved to another site or just don't check your account any longer) you should delete (not suspend) that account for your own protection.

Who Owns Your Private Data?

Your right to withhold private information ends the minute you post it onto a social media site. While the terms may allow you to remove it later, it could have gone viral and you no longer control its propagation.

A movie called The Circle takes the right to privacy to the extreme. The company's CEO states: Privacy is theft! Knowing is good but knowing everything is better.

…[P]eople believe they own their data. Even though the user agreement might technically give companies the right to sell the data, change the access rules to that data, or otherwise own that data, we — the users — believe otherwise. — Bruce Schneier
If the service is free, then you are the product. — The Day We Lost Everything


Facebook is probably the largest social media site.

Most people say they use it to communicate with family and friends, but there is a huge amount of sharing of third-party images and gossip. While this may be entertaining, too many people take what they read on Facebook seriously, and they shouldn't.

Facebook allows a wide mass of its users the freedom to spread fake news (which they won't regulate), while simultaneously working to prevent another group from sharing actual news. — Damon Beres on Mashable
In the past year, we've posted content for dozens of clients. We've posted hundreds of articles. We've uploaded thousands of videos. We've spent millions of dollars on Facebook. And what's the content that gets us flagged or banned EVERY SINGLE TIME? Conservative content. Anything that goes against the liberal agenda of removing guns, God, laws, and sanity from our country. Content in support of those who hold the Thin Blue Line. Every single time. — Kyle Reyes

Seldom does anyone fact-check the story before reposting rumours and innuendo.

If Wikipedia's rules were applied to Facebook? Oh my God! They'd lose 99 percent of their content. — Victor Grigas on

The Facebook IPO scandal showed more concern about being the largest IPO in history than telling the truth. Facebook isn't your "friend."

Privacy? What Privacy?

Facebook's privacy policy is 5,830 words — 1,287 words longer than the United States Constitution — and is constantly subject to change.

Facebook makes money from advertising, so they make it complicated for you to use their site in a way that interrupts their ability to collect your personal information for advertisers.

Although we can stop Facebook and Facebook advertisers from tracking you when you are not on Facebook (blocking “Like” buttons, etc.) there's nothing that our tracker blocking — or anyone else — can do about Facebook when you are actually ON Facebook. Anything you voluntarily post, including photos, comments, interests, and your location, is used for tracking purposes.

Our best advice is to set strict privacy settings, limit what you share, and avoid games & apps (they are marketing companies in disguise). Facebook isn't truly a free service; it is paid for by its users' information. — DoNotTrackMe

Is the Age of Privacy Over?

350 million people signed up for Facebook under the belief their information could be shared just between trusted friends. Now the company says that's old news, that people are changing. I don't believe it. — Marshall Kirkpatrick
When Facebook sends you an email notifying you about new activity on your account, "it opens an app in background, and now Facebook knows where you are, the device you're using, the last picture you've taken — they get everything." — Wired

Facebook's Zuckerberg said in 2010 that the age of privacy is over. This is the same guy that bought all the houses surrounding his to increase his privacy while making his living mining the privacy of others.

Controlling Your Facebook Privacy

The following sites will give you some tools to manage your Facebook privacy settings:

Take a Facebook Vacation

You check to see how your life is without Facebook (a Facebook vacation) before moving to the next step: deactivating or deleting your account.

Make a final post telling your friends that you'll be on an extended Facebook vacation and don't revisit Facebook for at least 99 days (from the 99 Days of Freedom experiment in response to Facebook's controversial mood experiment involving some 700,000 unwitting users).

Deactivate or Delete Your Account

Every time problems with Facebook privacy are publicized, a huge portion of Google searches are for ways to delete a Facebook account (which removes your personal data rather than simply deactivating your account).

Return to top



Google+ Privacy

Google+'s privacy policy should be read and understood by all using the service. Google seems to go out of their way to make their privacy policy transparent.

Google+ Security

ZoneAlarm offers these suggestions to make sure that you always stay safe and secure on Google+:

  • Set up Circles: Google+ Circles let you create specific groups to share information with. Once you have created a circle, anything that you share in that circle can only be viewed by other members in the circle.
  • Lock down you profile: Your profile, by default, can be viewed by anyone on the web. If you want to change this, make sure to change the appropriate settings so that only friends in your circles can see your information.
  • Restricting Search Visibility: Another default setting of your profile is that it shows up in Google search results. If you don't want Google (or other search engines) to include you in the results, make sure to change your profile visibility settings.
  • Lock down other privacy settings: There are many other customizable aspects of your profile that are less well-known. Some of these include being able to limit who can see people in your circles, and who can send you emails.
  • Streaming to appropriate circles: When you create a post on Google+, you can choose which circles you want to share that post with. By default, Google+ will remember the circles in your previous post, and use those same circles for your next post.
  • Remember that your posts may be public: If you comment on friends' posts, their privacy settings may allow others to see what you've written. Make sure to exercise caution!

Return to top



Twitter Security & Privacy

Twitter security and privacy concerns are not as numerous as those with Facebook, but you still need to keep a closer watch:

Controlling Your Twitter Privacy

The following sites will give you some tools to manage your Twitter privacy settings:

Return to top



LinkedIn Security & Privacy

LinkedIn is a little different in that it is designed for building professional networks rather than friendships. However, there are still some issues:

You can close your LinkedIn account after which your account information is deleted and logs or backups are de-identified within 30 days.

Return to top



Pinterest Security & Privacy

Pinterest describes itself as an online pinboard where you can organize and share the things you love. However, there are still some issues, particularly around the legality of copying images that aren't yours:

Return to top



Instagram Security & Privacy

Instagram security and privacy concerns are not as numerous as those with Facebook, but you still need to keep a closer watch:

Controlling Your Instagram Privacy

The following sites will give you some tools to manage your Instagram privacy settings:

Return to top

What is Social Media?

Connecting with Family, Friends and Clients

Social media/networking sites (Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, etc.) provide a convenient way to stay connected with friends and family:

  • Posting photos on social media sites or on photo sites like Flickr provides access to everyone without sending out photos by e-mail.
  • Families can use Google Calendar or similar products to keep their schedules organized.

Building New Relationships

It also provides a way for you to build a relationship with those you don't yet know:

  • Businesses can connect with their customers and build brand loyalty.
  • Emerging writers and musicians can generate a fan base than may lead to publication or a recording deal.

However, this relationship is one-dimensional and missing the voice intonations and body language clues offered by face-to-face relationships.

…Facebook was feeding me news and content based on something I might like because of previous searches or likes or dislikes or comments. My feed was predictable; it was determined by predictive algorithms. And I was consuming aimlessly. I wasn't being challenged, my critical thinking filters went to sleep, and I felt empty after scrolling. — Rabiah Damji

Viral Growth in Virtual Communities

It can lead to viral growth in attendance at real or "virtual" events or can create widespread brand awareness:

  • When people re-post your product or service announcements this can be a powerful word-of-mouth recommendation.
  • People are busy. Post short, frequent updates to increase attendance at events such as book signings, workshops and fundraisers.
  • Physical events that are posted only in "virtual" social media are becoming more frequent and successful.

However, consider The Limitations of 'Like' when assessing your popularity.

Participate in the Community

Being a social business doesn't just mean pumping out content and hoping your customers find it. It means contributing to the conversation and getting information to the right people at the right time. — The State of Social Customer Service AnswerHub white paper.

Success in these areas requires that you (or a dedicated employee) spend significant time interacting in these environments.

Socializing at Work

Much of that activity may not look work-related, but is necessary to create the atmosphere of socialization that these sites are based upon.

Think of it in the same manner as you would a traditional “social” for your clients where you provide food and drinks in a relaxed atmosphere. One article compared it to business lunches or meeting on the golf course.

Are You Committed to Success?

If you are not prepared to spend the time, you will not likely enjoy much success and should probably look to other means regardless of what many social media evangelists are telling you.

Things Change

Not all endure. MySpace, Friendster and Google Buzz are examples of once-popular social networks that lost to Facebook.

With a decline in popularity, your investment in that community quickly loses value.

Return to top

Related Resources

Related resources on this site:

or check the resources index.

Return to top

If these pages helped you,
buy me a coffee!
Updated: January 17, 2018