Your Privacy At Risk
Your privacy is at risk like it has never been before, yet most folks think they have no need for concern. They are wrong!
See Your Privacy at Risk to understand the unprecedented attacks on personal freedom being perpetrated by corporations and governments worldwide.
Privacy is a Basic Human Need
Privacy is NOT about hiding wrongs. It is a basic human need.
The fear of surveillance is realistic and stifles personal expression.
Protection Against Terrorism Undeliverable
In spite of the fact that unprecedented spying on their own citizens has provided virtually no additional protection against terrorist attacks, governments continue to demand even more access to our personal privacy.
Protection from terrorism is NOT deliverable and the cost in terms of our privacy unacceptable.
Yet More Access is Demanded
Police and intelligence agencies are quick to point out the use of cell phones and encryption in these attacks and continue to demand new restrictions including back door access. While it is true that these were used by terrorists, so are public roads, electricity, restaurants and more.
Besides their own spying, governments are allowing corporations unprecedented access to our private data, then demanding access to those resources based upon the rulings of secret courts. Democracy and privacy are the victims, not terrorism.
Attitudes are Changing
Attitudes about privacy are changing. Slowly.
Recent surveys regarding Americans' attitudes about privacy, security and surveillance show that people have little confidence that their data will remain private and secure — particularly in the hands of government:
Just 6% of adults say they are ‘very confident’ that government agencies can keep their records private and secure.
- The Register's guide to protecting your data when visiting the US.
You're (mostly) screwed without preparation.
Privacy Legislation Outdated
The definitions used in most privacy legislation are more suited to the pre-Internet and pre-computer era.
Today were our every move is tracked in real-time and we store our innermost thoughts on portable devices.
Even without the increasingly permissive data disclosure practices enabled by C-51, federal government agencies have seen over 3000 breaches of the highly sensitive private information of an estimated 750,000 innocent Canadians in recent years. — The Star
Protecting the Privacy of Canadians: Review of the Privacy Act (PDF) has more discussion about these issues.
Websites Are Tracking You
Websites use Google Analytics, web beacons, cookies, LSO (Flash) cookies, and more to collect detailed information about who comes to a site, where they land, how long they spend there and where they go afterwards.
If you have Flash installed (not recommended) and use the recommended “Ask to Activate” setting, you'll see many sites requesting Flash access that aren't providing any additional content. This enables LSO cookies so they can track you. Not cool!
In a visit to forbes.com, Ghostery told me that there were 27 trackers and Forbes accused me of using an ad-blocker. Ghostery is not preventing sites I visit from displaying ads, only preventing their ad suppliers from tracking me.
The modern ad industry isabout the buying and selling of individuals,says Jeff Chester, executive director at the Center for Digital Democracy.All the investments is aggressively pushing toward much more granular personalized targeting.— The Verge
There is only one word that can be used to describe this practice: sleazy.
Like slavery, prostitution and narcotics these very profitable activities degrade the people targeted while using them to generate revenue.
Crippling the Web
These exploits are crippling the Web's ability to transform information.
Many site no longer allow you to simply view a video or read the comments left by other site visitors. Instead, they hide these features from you unless you allow their cookies to track your every action.
Take Back Your Privacy
But you're not powerless. There are things you can do.
Companies rarely protect the personal data they collect with the same security that they apply to sensitive company records, resulting in massive data breaches. Nothing will change until we demand it.
After the Equifax breach it was determined that your sensitive credit information (enough to commit identity theft on 44% of the U.S. population) was allowed to seep into the Dark Web without any real consequences for Equifax or its directors even though they didn't use effective security to protect it.
First, as consumers we need to stop shrugging and accepting data leaks as business as usual. Security should influence our buying decisions: the organisations we deal with won't take security seriously unless customers and the public do, too. — ZDNet.
Can you imagine accepting the fact that your bank just “lost” your savings? Why should mass data breaches be any different?
Avoid Giving Information Away
As well as taking steps to avoid giving away unnecessary information, you can also reduce your exposure to the sources:
- Choose your browser to provide optimum privacy.
- Turn on Do Not Track in your browser.
- Use privacy plugins like Ghostery or Privacy Badger.
- Use a VPN service or TOR to protect your privacy.
Everyone that asks you to fill out a form — whether a paper form or on-line — is collecting personal data.
Once you provide that information, it is no longer in your control. While everyone is diligent in collecting your information, they are less likely to be as careful in protecting that information — particularly if an opportunity to profit comes along.
Protect Your Privacy
Be selective in the information you provide.
Avoid giving it away without thinking about the potential consequences first.
- Does this site need the requested information to supply what I need?
- How will they use that information?
- Will they share (sell) that information with others?
- How will they protect my personal information?
- If they fail to protect it, what are the consequences for me? For them?
Does This Site NEED My Information?
If you are ordering a product, the company will need your shipping address and payment information. However, you have choices in how that is accomplished. For example, by using PayPal “ABC Gizmos” won't have your credit card information.
Many sites and online games offer the option to create a unique log-in identity or use your Facebook profile.
Did you know that logging into a third-party site with your Facebook ID (or any similar account) rather than creating a unique account with its own password provides that company access to your Facebook profile?
How Will They Use That Information?
Depending upon the site, you should be very selective in providing information. For example, sites don't need your birth date, only to know if you're old enough to enter into a binding legal agreement. Yet many sites choose the birth date because that provides them with much more precise information about you.
Using your photo for a profile picture or avatar may personalize your experience, but facial recognition software can relate the information to data found on other sites with the same photo — and it can return false results. Combining seemingly innocuous information with trackable information (your IP address, email address, etc.) can create a profile that can be used to direct advertisements or to sell to information brokers.
Will They Share With Others?
Unless specifically stated, you have to assume that they will share your information with others if it is profitable. If the company is sold or if they receive a government warrant, the new company is not bound by any promises made to you.
Big tech has been on a buying spree. While they're acquiring technology, they're also adding to their ability to profile their site visitors.
Monopoly is made by acquisition — Google buying AdMob and DoubleClick, Facebook buying Instagram and WhatsApp, Amazon buying, to name just a few, Audible, Twitch, Zappos and Alexa. — NY Times
How Will They Protect My Information?
Most companies spend much more protecting their own information than protecting yours. Remember, most of the security breaches only affect consumer data, not corporate data. After all, you gave it them for free!
Governments could enforce protection with significant penalties, yet choose not to do so.
You need to check this policy from time-to-time as privacy policies change for a number of reasons including purchase of the company or a new business plan.
That's the equivalent of between approximately 4.5 and 7.6 work-weeks (about a month or two every year) just reading privacy statements!
Privacy Policies are Changing
You only need to look at the way Facebook, Hotmail and others so quickly changed their privacy policies to enhance their profitability. You're on your own when it comes to protecting your identity.
If the service is free, then you are the product. — The day we lost everything
Who Has Your Back?
In the face of unbounded surveillance, users of technology need to know which companies are willing to take a stand for the privacy of their users. — Electronic Frontier Foundation
Who has your back? EFF released the 2017 track record for social media, communications and other companies in releasing private information to the government.
AT&T, Comcast, T-Mobile and Verizon had the worst scores followed by Amazon and WhatsApp.
Do You Protect Others' Privacy?
Learn how to avoid giving information away (including protecting other people's email addresses).
Check Your Privacy Settings
Check your progress in improving your privacy awareness and changing habits by taking the Mozilla privacy survey. There is more information about privacy on this page and on related pages on this site.
- Test your computer and devices for malware (software on your computer that reveals information about your surfing habits — including toolbars).
- Check your privacy settings and improve privacy practices.
- Online security 101: Tips for protecting your privacy from hackers and spies (2017).
Social media is a very important aspect of privacy because so much personal information is collected including facial recognition software, comparative and linked data (such as the "Like" button) as well as the content and nature of our everyday posts.
Are you sharing too much?
More About Restoring Privacy
- The Motherboard guide to not getting hacked.
- *Privacy not Included is Mozilla's guide to choosing connected devices like Google Home and Amazon Alexa.
- How to keep your private conversations private for real.
- Edward Snowden: Here's how we take back the Internet (YouTube video from TED).
- 7 Ways to Reclaim Your Digital Privacy.
- Online Privacy: How to Minimize Your Digital Footprint.
- How to ditch Google for more privacy and fewer ads.
- EFF's Surveillance Self-Defense.
- HTTPS Everywhere encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure.
- Gibson Research Corporation projects include Securable, Fingerprints, Perfect Passwords and ShieldsUP! in Steve Gibson's goal to protect privacy.
- More ways to win against mass surveillance.
Do Not Track
Current browsers have the capability of telling a site that you don't want to be tracked. But that assumes that a site will bother to respond. There are few, if any, such mechanisms in place.
Do Not Track is a browser setting where the user can indicate that they don't want to be tracked. However, without a consensus about how to interpret DNT, most sites ignore the setting.
[D]espite the fact that only a small number of companies respect it — a significant number of companies like Twitter, Medium and others do respect it. — Jules Polonetsky
Hopefully, when there is a universally-accepted standard in place, all websites will honour them.
Even when Do Not Track is enabled, some facilities also track store visitors via their cell phone using Mobile Location Analytics.
Panopticlick is an online test that analyzes how well your browser and extensions protect you against online tracking techniques, even if you are using privacy-protective software.
Another option is to use the services of a site such as the Network Advertising Initiative which offers to place an opt-out cookie on your computer for certain ad servers such as DoubleClick.
Cookies Report on Your Web Habits
People have become more aware of the amount of information that is collected about them while they are on the Internet using such devices as cookies. You can deal with cookies using some of the many utilities available on the Net or by using the tools provided by modern browsers (Firefox recommended).
Many sites use flash cookies (Local Shared Objects or LSOs) that are not deleted when you remove traditional cookies. Adobe provides information on how to manage or disable LSOs, but ignorance makes most users vulnerable to exploitation by sites that use them.
Flash is listed as one of three programs that make Windows vulnerable to malware (as well as Linux and Mac if Flash is installed). As technology moves away from Flash, the risk of LSOs should diminish.
Flash is often used to display ads that can be tracked from site-to-site. Using click-to-play (when Flash is required you have to manually enable it) you can enable Flash only when it is required (which is how current versions of Firefox handles Flash by default).
Have a look at my listing of Firefox extensions. Some allow you to manage or remove LSOs but status can change quickly so I won't duplicate the listing here.
Your Choice of Browser Matters
The browser you use to surf the Web will make a different in not only what tools are available to you or how convenient the browser is, but also in terms of how much information you share in the process and what those gathering that information do with it. The settings and what programs that browser defaults to also make a difference.
Check Your Brower's Search Engine Settings
Simply using a search engine can leave behind a history that can last for years. StartPage protects your privacy.
Firefox: A More Secure Browser
Firefox is my recommendation. Not only is it more secure, but it more closely follows web standards, making your experience a better one.
The Internet only stays healthy if we trust it as a safe place — to explore, transact, connect, and create. Our privacy and security online is under constant threat. But there's something you can do about it: get informed, protect yourself, and make your voice heard. A healthy Internet depends on you. — Mozilla
Clear Private Data
You should clear your privacy data (cookies, saved form information, cache and authenticated sessions) before and after on-line banking (or similar sites where there is the risk of revealing personal information of greater value).
These settings are on the Privacy tab in the Firefox Options settings. Firefox Options is located different ways:
- Firefox 29 or newer: the Firefox menu is on the top right (3 horizontal lines).
- Firefox 4–28: the orange Firefox button on the left contains the Options menu..
- The Firefox Menu Bar (turned off by default starting with Firefox 4) has Options in the Tools menu.
Once the Options dialogue box appears, click on the Privacy tab and check Clear history when Firefox closes. You can choose which items get removed by clicking the Settings button on the right (see dialogue box above).
Apple Just Made Safari the Good Privacy Browser
Apple just announced significant changes to fight ad-tracking and digital fingerprinting at WWDC 2018.
The newest version of Apple's Safari browser will push back hard against the ad-tracking methods and device fingerprinting techniques that marketers and data brokers use to monitor web users as they browse. Starting with Facebook.
The next version of Safari will explicitly prompt you when a website tries to access your cookies or other data, and let you decide whether to allow it, a welcome step toward explicit choices about online tracking. — Wired
Internet Explorer: Simply Too Vulnerable
Internet Explorer (IE) is a major security vulnerability within Windows and therefore should not be used as your primary browser when surfing the Internet.
When the CVE-2014-1776 vulnerability affected IE versions 6–11 the US-CERT team (U.S. Homeland Security) recommended moving to an alternate browser. This is good advice even after the vulnerability is patched. See the alternatives.
Microsoft made IE a key component of the Windows installer — a significant security vulnerability when surfing the Web. You can help reduce the risk by enabling the following settings:
- Current versions of IE can check sites for forgeries (sites looking to exploit your trust of the real site) if you authorize it during installation.
- Check "Prevent programs from suggesting changes to my default search provider" in IE's extensions.
Security risks are not unique to Internet Explorer but its reach is deep into the Windows operating system, making it more vulnerable to security issues than any other browser.
Microsoft's Windows Update plug-in for Firefox as an alternative to using Internet Explorer is not recommended because this makes Firefox more vulnerable. It is better to use Internet Explorer only where necessary (and safe).
Move to Firefox and launch Internet Explorer ONLY where it is absolutely necessary. If a normal page won't load properly except in IE, you're probably better off going elsewhere for your information.
Google Chrome: Convenient but Zero Privacy
Google Chrome (initially based upon the open source Mozilla code) has become very popular partly because it is much smaller and potentially faster than other browsers (at least as long as you don't use extensions). This extra speed is a rapidly changing dynamic between browsers.
It got that way also by surreptitiously installing itself as the default browser as a paid add-on to other free software such as CCleaner, Java and Adobe Flash. While it was an “optional” addon, it was pre-selected and folks simply clicked through the options without checking for extra software.
Google now controls a signficant majority of both Web searches and browser installations — a monopoly on access to content on the Web.
Companies like Google have become more powerful, purchasing existing companies with expertise in areas they traditionally didn't have access, then combined their users' data from all their companies with their powerful search profiles.
Collecting, Collecting, Collecting…
Chrome does this, in part, by keeping the user's data on their servers rather than on the user's computer. People have access to their data from any number of computers, phones and tablets.
This is convenient but eliminates your ability to fully control your own information. Google uses this information to serve more appealing ads based upon what you've viewed with Chrome.
Free Email Costs You Your Privacy
So many people have moved to using “free” cloud-based webmail programs that the market has virtually collapsed for independent stand-alone email programs.
Running Google's free Gmail while surfing the Web (especially while using the Chrome browser) will provide even more information about yourself, helping to create a more accurate profile to serve ads to. Google never forgets!
The biggest issue is privacy.
Services like Gmail, Yahoo! Mail and Outlook.com (formerly Hotmail) sift through your emails to build a profile on you to sell advertising.
However, the Yahoo! data breach should tell you that your privacy is NOT a priority. Not only did they lose enough information to commit identity theft using the stolen data — “names, email addresses, telephone numbers, dates of birth, hashed passwords (the vast majority with bcrypt) and even security questions and answers” — but they took several years to bother telling anyone.
Gmail has made it more difficult to simply download your Gmail to a standalone email client (an email program that stores your messages on your computer rather than on Google's servers).
Google wants you to leave a browser window open with Gmail running. By knowing the sites you're visiting they can present “more relevant” ads (i.e. ads that you're more likely to click on based upon your surfing history). Of course, if you're running Chrome, they already know this.
StartMail ($59.95 per year) provides an alternative